NO - You cannot do that. You need a preamp with the correct RIAA phono equalization.
I'm not sure about that (I'm going back about 40 years, after all). As I recall, preamps were only required when the turntable had a magnetic cartridge. The preamp output was fed into the power amplifier. If it had a ceramic cartridge, preamps were not used and the turntable was connected directly to the power amplifier. Now, which was close to the level of lineout or the level of phono out, I'm clueless.
If RIAA was provided by the preamp, then for systems without preamps, i.e. ceramic cartridge turtables, then the ceramic cartridge must have put out a RIAA equalized signal.
Who may be older than you look.